There are an unbelievable amount of awards giving to good writing. First, there are the overall, famous ones:
Man Booker Prize
National Book Awards
National Book Critics Circle Awards
Nobel Prize for Literature
Then, the less famous but still a big deal:
Bram Stoker Awards
Coretta Scott King Awards
IACP Cookbook Awards
James Beard Foundation/KitchenAid Book Awards
Michael L. Printz Award for Teen Literature
National Academies Communication Awards
Philip K. Dick Awards
Quill Book Awards
Whitbread Book Awards.
And then, those specific to a genre and therefore, for these writers at least, should be listed at the top of this post:
RNA's Romance Prize
For a long, long list of book awards, check out literature-awards.com.
And, if you want to know where the bar is set, check out Julia Spencer-Fleming's debut novel, In the Bleak Midwinter - which won more mystery awards for a debut novel than ever before in 2003 (Anthony, Agatha, Dilys, Macavity, Barry, and the St. Martin's Press/Malice Domestic Best First Traditional Mystery, together with a nomination for the Gumshoe).